“Output style” is the term EndNote uses to refer to the template file used to format the citations and bibliography correctly for your citation or referencing style. The output style controls what is in capitals, what is in bold or italics and determines the many other ways that references for journal articles, book chapters or books are laid out
Each subject or discipline has its particular citation styles, and individual journals also have specific instructions to authors on how they want articles referenced
There are over 3,000 output styles available in EndNote. Included in the options is a Select All style that will print everything in each EndNote reference
Explanations of styles used at the University of Canterbury are available at Citations and Referencing
- APA, Harvard are examples of author-date styles
- MLA is an example of a style requiring footnotes
- Physical Sciences tend not to require any particular style
- IEEE citation style for Engineering is an example of a numbered style
- Law has specific requirements
- Geological Sciences uses the Royal Society of New Zealand Style
To select the style you want in EndNote
- Look at the top of the screen and locate the EndNote toolbar
- The style that is presently selected is identified in the menu bar on this toolbar
- In the case illustrated below APA 6th is the selected Style
- If you want to change this style, click the drop-down box and select another style from the list
- To browse all styles available, choose Select Another Style...
Click the column headings to sort by Name or Category, or click the Find-by button to see lists of styles by discipline area
- Click the Choose button to select a style from the list
You can also select other styles by going through the Style Manager which can be found at Edit > Output Styles > Open Style Manager...
Output styles in Word
Each Word document has its own output style. Changing the output style in EndNote does not automatically change the style in Word – this is intentional, as writers often write for various journals with differing referencing styles
Instructions on changing the output style in Word are given in Formating your bibliography in Word
The following tips come from the EndNote help manual and further information can be found in the manual as well:
There may be times when you want to create a bibliography without an associated paper. We call this an "independent bibliography" because EndNote does not generate the bibliography based on citations found in a paper—instead, the bibliography is generated independently of a paper.
Any one of the procedures described in this chapter can be used to create an independent bibliography. Each has its own advantages, so look for the option that best suits your needs:
Drag-and-drop to instantly transfer a bibliography to a word processing document
Copy formatted references from a library and paste them into a word processing document
Export references from a library as RTF, Text Only, HTML, or XML
Preview and/or Print references from EndNote
Styles Determine the Look of the Bibliography
The appearance of your independent bibliography depends entirely on which EndNote style is selected in the Output Styles submenu of the Edit menu (or the drop-down style list on the Library toolbar). The styles determine what information is included in the bibliography, how it is arranged, and what punctuation and text styles are used.
Select a style that meets your needs before exporting, printing or formatting references. If you do not see the style that you need in the Output Styles submenu of the Edit menu, choose Open Style Manager from the Output Styles submenu, and mark the styles that you need. Once the styles are marked as "favorites" in the Style Manager, they will show up in your styles menus. For more information, see Adding Styles to the Output Styles List. For information about modifying styles, see Modifying Style Templates.