Susan Fenimore Cooper Essays On Global Warming

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Susan Fenimore Cooper

Updated August 2016
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This page is devoted to the life and writings of Susan Fenimore Cooper (1813-1894), eldest daughter of James Fenimore Cooper and a distinguished writer and naturalist. She is best known for her nature diary of Cooperstown, Rural Hours, first published in 1850 and frequently reprinted. But she also wrote a novel, Elinor Wyllys; or, The Young Folk of Longbridge (1846), short stories, children's stories, and articles on a wide variety of subjects including nature. We propose to gather material about her in this section of the James Fenimore Cooper Society, until such time as a Susan Fenimore Cooper Society is organized.

For Coming Events involving Susan Fenimore Cooper, see the News, Conferences, and Coming Events page.

Contents of this Page: Texts | Articles and Papers | Introductions to Novels by James Fenimore Cooper | Manuscripts | Links to other websites (texts, etc.) | Bibliography.

Checklist of the writings of Susan Fenimore Cooper
(with links to On Line texts, on this and other websites.)

Texts on this Website (some annotated)
  • (1846) Elinor Wyllys; or, The Young Folk of Longbridge, Volume I; Volume II. Philadelphia: Carey and Hart, 1846. SFC's only published, and almost forgotten, novel. It is nevertheless good reading, combining two sub-plots: one romantic (the trials and eventual happiness of the orphaned Elinor, who has every good quality but good looks, and of her childhood companion Harry Hazlehurst), and one a mystery (an imposter claims a family fortune, setting off a search for evidence and a climactic courtroom scene). They come together in a stormy denouement off Martha's Vineyard. Cooper Society website. Annotated Text.
  • (1851) The Lumley Autograph. Graham's Magazine, Volume 38 (January-June 1851). A very funny story with a sharp satirical bite; a cry for help from a starving poet becomes a valuable "collectable."
  • (1859) Mount Vernon: A Letter to the Children of America. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1859. A children's biography of George Washington, published to raise funds for the restoration of Mount Vernon.
  • (1865) The Church-Yard Humming-Bird. An evidently "one time" comic newsletter issued in 1865 by Susan Fenimore Cooper and friends in Cooperstown's Christ Episcopal Church, apparently in connection with a Church fair raising money for a new Church carpet.
  • (1869) Village Improvement Societies. Putnam's Monthly, vol. 14, issue 21 (Sept 1869). An early guide to town planning.
  • (1870) Greenough's Chanting Cherubs. Putnam's Magazine, vol. XXVI (February 1870). Letter to the Editor relating James Fenimore Cooper's commissioning of Horatio Greenough's sculpture The Chanting Cherubs.
  • (1870) Female Suffrage: A Letter to the Christian Women of America. Harper's New Weekly Magazine, Vol. 41 (June--November, 1870). A reasoned argument against giving women the right to vote.
  • (1872) The County Poor-House. Facts.Harper's Bazar, July 20, 1872. A visit to a rural New York State county poorhouse (clearly based on that of Otsego County where SFC lived), with recommendations for its reform.
  • (1875) Orphan House of the Holy Saviour. 1875 Official Report with extensive quotations from Susan Fenimore Cooper, the Orphanage founder.
  • (1876) The Early Life of Natty Bumppo. In an introduction to The Deerslayer, Susan Fenimore Cooper imagined what Natty Bumppo's early life might have been like. There is no evidence as to whether this passage reflected ideas suggested by James Fenimore Cooper.
  • (1879-1895) Three Stories for Children: The Adventures of Cocquelicot (1881); The Cherry-Colored Purse (1895); The Wonderful Cookie (1879). Three stories written for children.
  • (1880) The Hudson River and its Early Names. The Magazine of American History, Volume IV, No. 6 (June 1880), pp. 401-418. The early exploration of the Hudson, and names given to it by the Dutch, French, and English.
  • (1883) Small Family Memories. From James Fenimore Cooper [grandson], Correspondence of James Fenimore Cooper, (2 vols., New Haven: Yale Univesity Press, 1922), pp. [7]-72. Written as a private memoir for her nieces and nephews, who had never known James Fenimore Cooper, this evocative account is a prime source for the private life of James Fenimore Cooper between from 1816-1828, as well as of his daughter.
  • (1883) Thoughts on Parish Life. Religious thoughts from The Churchman June 30, 1883 - October 20, 1883.
  • (1885-86) Missions to the Oneidas. Account of Christian Missions (mostly Episcopal) to the Oneida Indians, in New York and in Wisconsin. An impassioned plea on behalf of Native Americans, and condemnation of those who sought to mistreat and exploit them.
  • (1886) The Thanksgiving Hospital and Orphan House of the Holy Saviour. S. M. Shaw, Ed., A Centennial Offering. Being a Brief History of Cooperstown.... Cooperstown: Freeman's Journal Office, 1886, pp. 180-184. Brief histories of the two institutions.
  • (1892) The Talent of Reading Wisely. The Ladies' Home Journal, Vol. IX, No. 3 (February 1892), p. 18. Young people should be protected from evil or trashy books and papers, and guided towards good literature (including good fiction).
Articles and Papers
    From the 1999 Cooper Seminar at SUNY Oneonta:
  • Axelrad, Allan M. (California State University at Fullerton), Susan Fenimore Cooper, "The Lumley Autograph," and James Fenimore Cooper's Literary Legacy. The Cooper family deals with the 19th century autograph craze, in life and in SFC's story. [1999 SUNY SEMINAR]
  • Axelrad, Allan (California State University, Fullerton), Leather-Stocking's Mother. Natty Bumppo's early life, as presented by Susan Fenimore Cooper in her 1876 Introduction to The Deerslayer (Boston: Houghton, Mifflin). [2011 COOPER SEMINAR]
  • Bakken, Kerry Neville (University of Houston), Housekeeping Is For The Birds: Susan Fenimore Cooper's Rural Hours. In SFC's natural world humans co-habit with other animate creatures; as we observe nature, it observes us. [1999 SUNY SEMINAR]
  • Faherty, Duncan (City University of New York Graduate Center), "A Game of Architectural Consequence" : Susan Fenimore Cooper's Dissolving View. How SFC's detailed knowledge of natural history affected her writing; notably her optimistic 1852 essay "A Dissolving View." [1999 SUNY SEMINAR]
  • Hall, Alvin L. (The Union Institute), A Chance Encounter: Sarah Haven Foster, Susan Fenimore Cooper, and Rural Hours. Discovery of a copy of SFC's Rural Hours extra-illustrated with 129 exquisite paintings of birds and flowers, and tracking down the New Hampshire woman who painted them. [1999 SUNY SEMINAR]
  • Johnson, Rochelle (Albertson College of Idaho), James Fenimore Cooper, Susan Fenimore Cooper, and the Work of History. SFC's uses of history and natural history both differ from those of her father, and revise the dominant myths of 19th century America. [1999 SUNY SEMINAR]
  • MacDougall, Hugh C. (James Fenimore Cooper Society), Elinor Wyllis : The Story of Susan Fenimore Cooper's Novel.. Analysis of SFC's almost forgotten 1846 novel: not only significant, but good reading as well. [1999 SUNY SEMINAR]
  • Magee, Richard M. (Fordham University), Landscape of Loss, Landscape of Promise. Thomas Cole, history, and the Coopers: JFC's landscapes (The Last of the Mohicans) look back with sorrow; SFC's (Rural Hours) look forward with hope. [1999 SUNY SEMINAR]
  • Norwood, Lisa West (Stanford University), Domesticating Revolutionary Sentiment in Susan Fenimore Cooper's Mount Vernon: A Letter to the Children of America. SFC's 1859 money-raising appeal celebrates Mount Vernon as central to Washington's life, not a retreat from public affairs, thus domesticating patriotism and history. [1999 SUNY SEMINAR]
  • Perrin, Anne (University of Houston), Subversion and Narrative Style in Susan Fenimore Cooper's Rural Hours. Narrative strategies used to deliver an environmental "jeremiad" without contravening familial, social, and historical restrictions on female writing. [1999 SUNY SEMINAR]
  • Ravage, Jessie A. (Independent Scholar, Cooperstown), The Home Book of the Picturesque : Father and Daughter. In this 1852 anthology, JFC's academic essay "American and European Scenery Compared" contrasts with SFC's more personal and place-specific "A Dissolving View," which prefigures realistic American regional sketches. [1999 SUNY SEMINAR]
    From the 2001 Cooper Conference at SUNY Oneonta
  • Dyer, Klay (Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada), Turning Over a New Leaf: The Literary Ecologies of Susan Fenimore Cooper and Catharine Parr Traill. A Canadian and and an American naturalist/writer, working separately, created a new literary genre. [2001 SUNY SEMINAR]
  • Johnston, Paul (State University of New York at Plattsburgh), No Name for Sweet William: Rural Intimacy and Rural Estrangement in Susan Cooper and James Fenimore Cooper. For James and other Americans, Nature is to be conquered, or to be valued as a refuge; for Susan and many Europeans, Nature is an intimate part of normal human life; her discussion of flower names in Rural Hours points up this important difference. [2001 SUNY SEMINAR]
  • Wegener, Signe O. (University of Georgia), Travels Around Lake Otsego: Teaching Susan Fenimore Cooper's Rural Hours. Trials, tribulations, and triumphs in teaching it. [2001 SUNY SEMINAR]
    From the 2003 Cooper Conference at SUNY Oneonta
  • Axelrad, Allan (California State University, Fullerton), Christmas in Cooperstown and Templeton: The Coopers and the Invention of an American Holiday Tradition. How both James and Susan Fenimore Cooper, in The Pioneers and Rural Hours, commented on and contributed to creating American Christmas traditions (keynote address). [2003 SUNY SEMINAR]
  • Magee, Richard (SUNY Maritime College), Sentimental Enough?: The Literary Context of Elinor Wyllys. Unlike other "sentimental novels" of the period, Elinor Wyllys is opposed to consumer culture, which may help explain its lack of success at the time. [2003 COOPER SEMINAR]
  • Van Keuren, Luise (California University of Pennsylvania), Homecoming: Susan Fenimore Cooper Views America's Coming of Age in Elinor Wyllys (1846). How homecoming is a central motif in this novel, as it was in its author's life. [2003 COOPER SEMINAR]
    From the 2015 Cooper Conference at SUNY Oneonta
  • Rossi, Patricia (Independent Scholar), Susan Fenimore Cooper—In the Shadow. Why did not Susan Fenimore Cooper's Rural Hours become as famous as Thoreau's Walden? It should have. [2015 COOPER SEMINAR]
    Other Articles and Papers
  • (1857) John Seely Hart, "Susan Fenimore Cooper" in Female Writers of America, pp. 513-420, with excerpts on "spiders," "humming-birds," and "weeds."
  • (1944) Cunningham, Anna K. ("a resident of Cooperstown"), Susan Fenimore Cooper--Child of Genius. New York History, July 1944. A warm and sympathetic account of Susan Fenimore Cooper -- the first article about her to appear in a scholarly journal [SUSAN]
  • (1970) Baym, Max I. (Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute) and Percy Matenko (Brooklyn College), The Odyssey of The Water-Witch and a Susan Fenimore Cooper Letter. An 1886 letter to recipient of a manuscript page gives background on writing and publication of The Water-Witch, noting inter alia that Americans in 1830 Dresden were expected to be black. [1970 NY HISTORY ARTICLES]
  • (1995) MacDougall, Hugh (James Fenimore Cooper Society), "We Know the Hours; What Was the Year?" James Fenimore Cooper Society Newsletter, Vol. 6, No. 3 (whole No. 17), December 1995, p. 3. Dating the entries in Susan Fenimore Cooper's Rural Hours. [1995 OTHER ARTICLES]
  • (1998) MacDougall, Hugh C. (James Fenimore Cooper Society), Making a Place Historic: The Coopers and Cooperstown. A talk on how three generations of Coopers gave their differing visions of Cooperstown to the world. [INFORMAL TALKS]
Introductions to Novels by James Fenimore Cooper

From Pages and Pictures from the Writings of James Fenimore Cooper (New York: W.A. Townsend and Co., 1861) [25 novels], and the Household Edition of Cooper's Works (New York and Cambridge: Houghton, Mifflin and Co. [etc.] 1876-84) [15 novels]. These introductions contain much biographic and literary information to be found nowhere else.

  • (1820) Precaution. Pages and Pictures pp. 13-22 [13-24]. {Bio Info: Scarsdale, 1818-20; Cooperstown childhood}
  • (1821) The Spy. Pages and Pictures pp. 26-36 [30-40]. {Bio Info: Scarsdale, 1820-21}
  • (1823) The Pioneers. Pages and Pictures pp. 48-63 [56-71]. Household Edition pp. xi-xxxvi. {Bio Info: Cooperstown, 1790-1802}
  • (1823) The Pilot. Pages and Pictures pp. 72-79 [82-89]. Household Edition pp. xiii-xxiii. {Bio Info: New York City, 1822-23}
  • (1825) Lionel Lincoln. Pages and Pictures pp. 99-102 [115-118]. {Bio Info: Boston, 1824}
  • (1826) The Last of the Mohicans. Pages and Pictures pp. 121-131 [141-151]. Household Edition pp. xi-xliv. {Bio Info: Glens Falls and Long Island, 1824-25}
  • (1827) The Prairie. Pages and Pictures pp. 142-157 [164-183]. Household Edition pp. ix-xxxii. {Bio Info: Paris, July 1826-May 1827; meeting Indian delegations in Washington}
  • (1828) The Red Rover. Pages and Pictures pp. 174-183 [204-215]. Household Edition pp. xi-xxi. {Bio Info: Paris, June-Nov. 1827}
  • (1829) The Wept of Wish-ton-Wish. Pages and Pictures pp. 197-212 [233-250]. {Bio Info: Switzerland, July-Oct. 1828; Florence, Oct. 1828-July 1829}
  • (1830) The Water-Witch. Pages and Pictures pp. 220-231 [258-271]. Household Edition pp. ix-xxiii. {Bio Info: England, Italy, Germany, Feb. 1828- Aug. 1830}
  • (1831) The Bravo. Pages and Pictures pp. 241-252 [283-294]. {Bio Info: Rome to Venice, Apr.-May 1830}
  • (1833) The Headsman. Pages and Pictures pp. 264-268 [308-314]. {Bio Info: Switzerland, Aug.-Sept. 1832}
  • (1835) The Monikins. Pages and Pictures pp. 274-275 [320-323]. {Bio Info: JFC's sense of humor}
  • (1838) Homeward Bound. Pages and Pictures pp. 285-291 [335-341] {Bio Info: America, 1833-1851}
  • (1838) Home as Found. Pages and Pictures pp. 299-301 [349-353] {Bio Info: America, 1833-1851}
  • (1840) The Pathfinder. Pages and Pictures pp. 308-310 [360-364]. Household Edition pp. v-xxxiii. {Bio Info: Oswego, 1808-1810}
  • (1841) The Deerslayer. Pages and Pictures pp. 322-323 [378-381]. Household Edition pp. xiii-xl. {Bio Info: Cooperstown, 1835-1851}
  • (1842) The Two Admirals. Household Edition pp. ix-xvii. {Bio Info: Cooperstown, 1842}
  • (1842) The Wing-and-Wing. Pages and Pictures pp. 335-342 [395-404]. Household Edition pp. ix-xviii. {Bio Info: Italy, July-Aug. 1829, Cooperstown, 1842}
  • (1843) Wyandotté. Pages and Pictures pp. 347-348 [409-410] {Bio Info: Cooperstown, 1843}
  • (1844) Afloat and Ashore. Household Edition pp. ix-xiv. {Bio Info: Hudson Valley and Long Island, 1811-22}
  • (1844) Miles Wallingford. Household Edition pp. vii-xvi. {Bio Info: Hudson Valley, general}
  • (1845) Satanstoe. Pages and Pictures p. 353 [420]. {Bio Info: Cooperstown, 1845}
  • (1845) The Chainbearer. Pages and Pictures pp. 359-360 [427-428]. {Bio Info: Cooperstown, 1845}
  • (1846) The Redskins. Pages and Pictures pp. 366-367 [434-437]. {Bio Info: Cooperstown, 1845-46}
  • (1847) The Crater. Household Edition pp. ix-xix. {Bio Info: Cooperstown, 1836-51}
  • (1848) Jack Tier. Pages and Pictures p. 370 [442]. Household Edition pp. vii-xiv. {Bio Info: Cooperstown, 1846-47}
  • (1848) The Oak Openings. Pages and Pictures pp. 379-383 [453-457]. {Bio Info: Michigan 1847-48}
  • (1849) The Sea Lions. Pages and Pictures pp. 389-392 [463-468]. Household Edition pp. xi-xii. {Bio Info: Long Island, 1811-26; religion}
Manuscripts (transcription)
  • (1831-1889) School Notebook begun by Susan Fenimore Cooper in Paris in 1831; reproduced with permission from the Cooper family.
Links to Other Websites

Links to Electronic Texts by Susan Fenimore Cooper [texts also available on this site are not included; Links to texts by James Fenimore Cooper, edited by Susan Fenimore Cooper, are on the Links Page].

  • (1845) Elinor Wyllys; a Tale., "Ed. by James Fenimore Cooper, Esq." In Three Volumes. London: Richard Bentley, 1845. [Although this opens on the title-page of Volume I, it includes all three volumes.] English edition, published before the American one. Google books. Page images.
  • (1850) Rural Hours, by A Lady. New York: George P. Putnam, 1850. The original edition. Google books. Page images
  • (1853) Susan Fenimore Cooper, ed., John Leonard Knapp, Country Rambles in England; or Journal of a Naturalist; with notes and additions by the Author of "Rural Hours". Buffalo: Phinney & Co., 1853.
  • (1859) Sally Lewis and Her Lovers. Harper's New Monthly Magazine, vol. 18, issue 108 (April 1859), pp. 644-653. Short story about young love -- "A Ghost Story: Founded on Fact."
  • (1859) Mount Vernon: A Letter to the Children of America. New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1859. Children's biography of George Washington, published as a fund-raiser for the restoration of Mount Vernon.
  • (1861) Pages and Pictures from the Writings of James Fenimore Cooper, with notes by Susan Fenimore Cooper. Short essays by SFC relating to each novel chosen, plus an extract of its text, and illustrations. Google books. Page images
  • (1868) Bits. Putnam's monthly magazine of American literature, science and art Volume 12, issue 8 (August 1868), pp. 145-148. 16th century French fashions; 17th century French omnibuses; early precursors of the electric telegraph.
  • (1870) The Magic Palace. Putnam's monthly magazine of American literature, science and art Volume 15, issue 26 (February 1870), pp. 160-163. Account of a palace of ice built in Russia in 1739.
  • (1870) Insect-Life in Winter. Putnam's monthly magazine of American literature, science and art Volume 15, issue 28 (April 1870), pp. 424-427. Anecdotes of survival of insects in winter in France.
  • (1870) Madame Lafayette and Her Mother. Putnam's monthly magazine of American literature, science and art Volume 16, issue 32 (August 1870), pp. 208-213. Accounts of General Lafayette's wife and mother-in-law, based on Lafayette family memoirs.
  • (1872) Two of my Lady Loves. Harper's New Monthly Magazine, Vol. 45, issue 265 (June 1872), pp. 129-133. An old man encounters an old widow, and a young girl.
  • (1876) Rear-Admiral William Branford Shubrick. Harper's New Monthly Magazine, Vol. 53, issue 315 (August 1876), pp. 400-408. Biographic sketch of Admiral Shubrick (1790-1874), a lifelong intimate friend of James Fenimore Cooper and his family.
  • (1877) Mrs. Philip Schuyler -- A Sketch. In Mrs. O.J. Wister and Miss Agnes Irwin, eds., Worthy Women of Our First Century, Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co., 1877, pp. 71-112. Biographic sketch of Mrs. Philip Schuyler (Catherine Van Rensselaer) (1735-1803)
  • (1878) Otsego Leaves. Four part series published in Appletons' journal: a magazine of general literature:
    1. Birds Then and Now. Volume 4, No. 6 (June 1878), pp. 528-531. Decrease in New York birds.
    2. The Bird Mediaeval. Volume 5, No. 2 (August 1878), pp. 164-167. Anecdotes of birds in colonial New York.
    3. The Bird Primeval. Volume 5, No. 3 (September 1878), pp. 273-277. A glimpse of birds before the coming of Europeans.
    4. A Road-side Post-Office. Volume 5, No. 6 (December 1878), pp. 542-545. Local anecdote of mail delivery and young romance.
  • (1887) Rural Hours (by season) from the 1887 author's revised edition, which reduced the original 1850 text by about one-third.
  • (1887) A Glance Backward. Atlantic Monthly, vol. 59, issue 352 (February 1887), pp. 109-206. Biographical background to James Fenimore Cooper's The Spy (1821). Cooper's childhood and life in Westchester County (1789-1821).
  • (1887) A Second Glance Backward. Atlantic Monthly, vol. 60, issue 360 (October 1887), pp. 474-486. Biographic background to James Fenimore Cooper's novels written or based in Italy (1828-30), The Wept of Wish-Ton-Wish, The Water-Witch, and The Bravo. Cooper in Italy (1828-1830).
  • (1890) William West Skiles: A Sketch of Missionary Life at Valle Crucis in Western North Carolina, 1842-1862. Edited by Susan Fenimore Cooper. New York: James Pott & Co., 1890. Biography of an Episcopal Missionary in North Carolina.
  • (1893) Lament for the Birds. Harper's New Monthly Magazine, vol. 87, issue 519 (August, 1893), pp. 472-474. Lament for the gradual disappearance of songbirds from the Cooperstown area.

Links to other Electronic resources

  • Geo.metry -- the online learning center: Webpages compiling on-line materials relating to Susan Fenimore Cooper

Other Links

  • (1850) Review of Rural Hours. The Living Age, Vol. 26, No. 328 (August 31, 1850), pp. 414-415.
  • (1851) "Otsego Hall", The Residence of J. Fenimore Cooper. The International magazine of literature, art, and science. Volume 3, Issue 2 (May 1851), p. 295. Nominally about Otsego Hall, the one-page article is primarily a favorable review of Rural Hours.
  • A Checklist of the writings of Susan Fenimore Cooper
  • Rochelle Johnson and Daniel Patterson, eds., Susan Fenimore Cooper: New Essays on Rural Hours and Other Works (Athens: The University of Georgia Press, 2001). 14 essays (details at Table of Contents)

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Susan Fenimore Cooper


Susan Fenimore Cooper was a writer and amateur naturalist, who is best known for her 1850 book Rural Hours, her diary of nature and the environment near her hometown of Cooperstown, New York. She also wrote a novel, short stories, children's stories, and dozens of magazine articles on a wide variety of subjects. Susan was also the editor and manager of her father’s literary legacy.

Susan Augusta Fenimore Cooper was born on April 17, 1813 in Scarsdale, New York, the daughter of the novelist James Fenimore Cooper and Susan De Lancey Cooper. James Fenimore Cooper was a famous novelist, best known for his “Leatherstocking Tales,” such as The Last of the Mohicans. In the summer of 1813 the Coopers moved to Cooperstown, New York, the settlement founded by James' father, Judge William Cooper.

In 1826 James Fenimore Cooper was appointed United States Consul for Lyons, France. From 1826 to 1833 the Coopers lived abroad, based in Paris. During this period Susan received an excellent education through a private boarding school in France.  Among her favorite subjects were botany and zoology.

When they returned from Europe in 1833 the family lived in New York City for three years, and then permanently settled in Cooperstown in 1836. Susan was 23 years old and became her father’s literary secretary.

With help from her father, Cooper published her first book, a poorly received novel entitled Elinor Wyllys (1846), which she wrote under the pseudonym Amabel Penfeather.

Rural Hours (1850), Susan's most famous work, is a journal of seasonal observations of the flora and fauna of upstate New York over a period of two years, as well as community life in the village of Cooperstown.

As Maggie MacLean states in her blog 'History of American Women,' “Rural Hours later fell out of favor, but interest in environmental writing and in Rural Hours has increased in recent decades. A new edition was published in 1998 along with a number of critical essays, most praising Cooper as one of the first American environmentalists and the first American woman to write essays on nature. Cooper has been credited with combining elements of sentimental fiction with the environmental concerns of nature writing to create a new subgenre called sentimental ecology.”

Soon after Rural Hours was published, James Fenimore Cooper died in 1851 at the age of 61. Susan became his literary executor, editing his unpublished works and writing introductions to the reprints of his novels.

Susan Fenimore Cooper wrote essays and articles in popular publications of the day such as The Atlantic Monthly, The Freeman's Journal, Graham's Magazine, Harper's New Monthly and Putnam's Magazine. She edited five additional books, anthologies of her father's works, and several monthly magazines.

Susan Fenimore Cooper was also involved in philanthropy, including assistance to education for children, aid to poor families and orphans, and the establishment of hospitals.

Susan Fenimore Cooper died in her sleep on December 31, 1894 at age 81.

Based upon material from the excellent blog, History of American Women, by Maggie MacLean,

Image Credits

- Cooper: Portrait from the Collections of the James Fenimore Cooper Society website, website sponsored by the State University of New York, Oneonta.  Portrait believed to be from the mid-1850s, photograph by W.G. Smith, Cooperstown, New York.
- Title page from Cooper’s Rural Hours (New York: Putnam, 1850), from the Collections of the J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah.


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